Toenail Fungus Treatment

Most people are affected by nail fungus and they do not even know it. Some think that it is a natural growth of nails that causes changes in the nails structure and look. This means that nail fungus is very common. With continuous research, very effective nail fungus treatments have been discovered. If you have splitting, yellowing or peeling nails, these are the most common signs of nail fungus that you should not ignore. At least, you owe yourself a good look that you should not be robbed off by nail fungus.

Fungal infections can be found in almost every part of the body. They are so common that most people do not realize that they have a fungal infection or they just ignore it. For those who polish the nails, they end up thinking that the alteration of the structure of their nails is caused by the polish bottom layer rather than a fungal infection. The slight discolouration on the nails which is associated with the polish is actually as a result of fungal infection. However, people should always enjoy the good news of the fact that there is a very effective remedy for the fungus that will rejuvenate your confidence as you walk.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

What Causes Toe Nail Fungus?

When the bad and the good bacteria in the body do not balance, they lead to a certain health complication. The lack of enough gut bacteria in the body leads to overgrowth of fungus and yeast that is shown in different skin parts. Moreover, various other fungal causes may include direct contact with the fungus, weak immune system, hereditary inclination, problems in blood circulation in the legs, skin problems like psoriasis, athlete’s foot, dirt or tight shoes and having nail beds with a blemish. Fungal infection arises from 3 main types of fungus. (more…)

Litter For Ferrets

A crucial element to ferret handling and care is providing the right habitat where it can roam around freely, do its daily habits, including relieving itself whenever necessary. An inappropriate environment can create a lot of stress to your pet ferret, so you need to make sure that everything that your fuzzy ball needs is provided for it. This includes the best litter for ferrets.

Ferrets have a very interesting eating habit. Since they have a very short digestive tract, it will take only a few hours before they would need to get filled again. The more frequent one eats, the more frequent that it will need to relieve of itself of body wastes. That means as you are setting up your pet ferrets’ cage, you will need to make sure that the right litter box is provided for it. It should be of the right height and should also provide enough room so that your little furry friend will be able to do its thing without getting stressed. If it finds its litter box too uncomfortable to use, it might find other space in the house to relieve itself. You don’t want that to happen.

Litter For Ferrets

Although your ferret can be trained quite easily, you will still need to be patient when attempting to do so. It will take a while before your little friend can get acquainted with his litter box for ferrets, so you will have to find a way for your pet to like going inside the box and not pee or poop outside of the box or somewhere else. (more…)

Homemade Dog Food Recipe

I have often said that formulating healthy homemade dog food recipes is difficult. That is why 95% of recipes available online or published are nutritionally inadequate. I would like to give you some insights into homemade dog food recipe formulation by walking you through the process I use for creating nutritionally balanced recipes. This requires that I have two sets of data available to me. The first is the USDA Database for the nutrient contents of food. The second is the National Research Council (NRC) nutritional guidelines for dogs and cats.

From the USDA database I am able to determine exactly how much of all 42 essential nutrients are available in any given amount of any food ingredient. The NRC guidelines make sure I choose the amount of that ingredient that meets the necessary daily requirements for dogs. With these tools I am ready to formulate a recipe.

Dog Food Recipe

How Much Protein Does Homemade Dog Food Need?

Initially I choose an initial amount of a meat cut that generally meets total protein requirements for the dog and check if that amount delivers the necessary amounts of all ten essential amino acids. I make adjustments until it meets the necessary amino acid profile and also is enough to satisfy a 21-28% of total recipe calories from protein. For example, chicken breast has twice the amount of the essential amino acid tryptophan as beef. A recipe using beef needs more meat than one using chicken.

How Much Fat Does Homemade Dog Food Need?

The next step is to determine how much fat must be added to the meat to assure total dietary fat requirements and meet the specific dietary requirements for the essential fats, linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid, and the omega-3 fats, alpha-linolenic, DHA and EPA. Using the two databases I am able to determine the exact amount of oils I need to balance the diet. I use corn/canola or soybean and fish oil because these are the richest sources of preformed* essential fatty acids than any other available oils. I try to maintain a fat content that represents 30-38% of total calories from fat.

  • How Much Carbohydrate Does Homemade Dog Food Need?

The amount of carbohydrate added is to achieve ideal recipe calorie count. The nutrients that they provide are evaluated using the databases and adjusted so that the addition rounds out the necessary daily nutrient requirements. Typically this represents 40-45% of total recipe calories and helps keep homemade recipes affordable. It also ensures that the delicate calcium:phosphorus ratio is maintained. Excessive protein in the diet can promote phosphorus overload and lead to osteoporosis and soft tissue calcification. Excessive fat in the diet can decrease appetite and lead to malnutrition.

I hope this explains why formulating nutritious homemade dog food recipes is more than just throwing a variety of ingredients together and hoping for a good outcome. Proper nutrition is more complicated than that. And nutritional deficiencies take years before clinical symptoms appear and can be confused with other causes. Also this is just one part of recipe formulation. It only balances the macronutrients protein, fat and carbohydrate. Vitamins and minerals are the next phase. Stay tuned for that post.

*Preformed means that the fatty acids are ready to use by the body. All other plant oils have undifferentiated linoleic and alpha linolenic acids and no DHA or EPA. That means the body must convert these undifferentiated forms into essential fatty acids. Fat conversion is the most inefficient body function and is dependent on health, age, and sex. It also means that more oil and unnecessary calories must be added to compensate for the inefficient conversion. Using other oil sources means there is no way to know exactly if a dog is getting the proper amount of essential fatty acids.